biosynthesis n : production of a chemical compound by a living organism [syn: biogenesis]
Biosynthesis is a phenomenon wherein chemical compounds are produced from simpler reagents. Biosynthesis, unlike chemosynthesis, takes place within living organisms and is generally catalyzed by enzymes. The process is a vital part of metabolism.
The prerequisites for biosynthesis are:
- Precursor substances
- Energy (usually in the form of ATP).
Often required components include:
Important and commonly-known products of biosynthesis include proteins, vitamins, and antibiotics, but all components of living beings are a result of this process. In the near future, it may be possible, with the help of biotechnology, to harness this process for the production of biodegradable plastics.
biosynthesis in Czech: Biosyntéza
biosynthesis in German: Biosynthese
biosynthesis in Spanish: Biosíntesis
biosynthesis in Italian: Biosintesi
biosynthesis in Malay (macrolanguage): Biosintesis
biosynthesis in Japanese: 生合成
biosynthesis in Polish: Biosynteza
biosynthesis in Pushto: ژواکي جوړښتن
biosynthesis in Portuguese: Biossíntese
biosynthesis in Thai: ชีวสังเคราะห์